Scenario for needed Instruction:
In response to the State of Illinois grant issued funding for the "Fill My Plate" Campaign to the Quincy Illinois Department of Health and Human Services a new instructional website initiative will be created with the purpose of encouraging families to adopt healthier eating habits, educate families about different nutritional options and encourage families to take time to prepare meals together.
The learning audience will be families/family members both male and female (primarily from the city Quincy Illinois) of all ages with access to the internet. The learners will access the site through any computer with properly working internet browsers Internet Explorer, Chrome or Firefox. The link to the site itself will be located on the State of Illinois "Fill My Plate" Campaign website, The Department of Health and Human Services website as well as the Quincy Illinois City website.
Learning Goals and Objectives:
The goals of this site include encouraging families to adopt healthier eating habits, educate families about different nutritional options and encourage families to take time to prepare meals together. The site will support these goals with the following content: Meal Planner, Cooking Tips/Tricks, Ingredient Measurement Chart(s), Nutrition Label 101, Swap!-This for That (tricks for healthy eating and cooking) and Family Friendly Recipes.
Given the content of the website the learner will be able to identify important parts of a nutrition label.
Given the content of the website the learner will choose to adopt healthier eating habits by identifying healthier food choices.
Given the content of the website the learner will be able to identify healthy family friendly recipes they may easily prepare themselves.
1. Deploy Attention; Arouse Interest and Motivation
To grab the learner’s attention and arouse interest and motivation the website will have an eye catching main home page using appropriate graphic elements. It will also include a welcome note to the learner letting them know the purpose of the website
2. Establish Purpose
The purpose will be established on the main home page with a welcome greeting for the learner encouraging them to investigate further into the website.
3. Preview Lesson
Each lesson or content page will have a navigation button associated with it so the learner can choose which page(s) they want to view. Each of those pages will have a heading that helps explain the following content. For example the Family Friendly Recipes section will have a header title followed by sentences briefly explaining the content of the page and any directions the learner might need.
1. Recall Prior Knowledge
To help the learner recall any prior knowledge they may have about each section of instruction being presented a small conversational type introduction will lead off the top of each web page (underneath any main heading). This content will take the form of a rhetorical conversation with questions posed to the learner. This will give the learner something to help stimulate the recall of prior knowledge before they proceed with internalizing new information presented.
2. Process Information
Once the learner has recalled any prior knowledge, the sections of instruction will take on an expository approach presenting the learner with small, organized, “chunked” sections of information. Visuals will play a key role in accompanying textual content helping to diminish information overload.
3. Focus Attention
To help focus the learner’s attention in each section of instruction the learner will be asked to reflect on the examples given in effort to help them successfully attain the learning objectives. Textual information presented will direct the learner’s attention by using boxes, underlining key words, bolding, bulleting and other attention directing devices. Additionally, visual graphics and graphic overlays such as circles, boxes and arrows will be used as needed to highlight important points in the instruction.
4. Employ Learning Strategies
During delivery of instruction the learner will be encouraged to take notes, bookmark, print the page(s) as well as be prompted to make mental images of the content. This will help the learner employ learning strategies they may already have or assist them in using appropriate strategies that will help them accomplish the learning objectives of the instruction. This will also help the learner remember the information presented in this instruction. As stated above, chunking, grouping and organizing each topic will help the learner better comprehend the material but the act of writing their own notes, bookmarking the webpage or printing a physical copy of the content will help them with memory and constructing the mental images of the content.
1. Summarize and Review
2. Transfer Knowledge
3. Re-motivate and Close
At the bottom of each section of content there will be a conversational type closing that will serve to summarize what the learner has read. There will also be directions that lead the learner to other sections of the website to learn even more as well as links to other resources that will help them apply their new knowledge.
Absorb: This type of activity will be the primary activity utilized by the website. It will be presented in the form of a presentation of organized information within the website. The information will be presented in small chunks of tutorial content accompanied by visual aids when appropriate to the design.
Do: This type of activity will be presented through visual aids accompanied with the instructional content as well as small practice examples for the learner to view. These will take the form of guided analysis activities.
Connect: This type of activity will be presented in the form of ponder activities that require the learner to analyze the content being presented and answer rhetorical questions.
Design and Content:
The following list is an example of the content that will be presented on the website:
Ingredient Measurement Chart(s)
Nutrition Label 101
Swap!-This for That (tricks for healthy eating and cooking)
Family Friendly Recipes
The design of this website will consider all principles and elements of design. A unified color scheme will be used utilizing reds, yellows and browns to create a warm and inviting atmosphere. Graphical elements will work to create a positive and inviting impression of healthy food choices, recipes and cooking. All visual images will either be taken by the web/instructional designer therefore rendering them copyright free or be used from freedigitalphotos.net which is a copyright free website. Written content will be gleaned from the web/instructional designer’s personal knowledge as well as other web sources (i.e. blogs, websites), cookbooks, magazines. All resources will be proper credit where appropriate.
As an instructional designer my focus is the design and development of effective online instruction, interactive learning objects, instructional alignment and the visual aspects of instructional materials. Specifically, how the inclusion of visuals within instruction can help facilitate learning.